Friday, December 31, 2010

Sardar Hari Singh Nalwa..

Hari Singh Nalwa (1791-1837), celebrated General of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, was born in April 1791, at Gujranwala, now in Pakistan, to Gurdial Singh, an Uppal Sikh of the Sukerchakia Misl. 

Hari Singh Nalwa, “the general of Ranjit Singh’s army was said to weigh near 250 kgs. He was the strongest man in the universe. Once, he slapped a man and his head got dislocated from his shoulder. 

Hari Singh Nalwa built around 2500 gurudwaras in Punjab, under the patronage of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Maybe about 800 it could be less exist, Across pakistan ex-gurudwaras have been converted into schools, jails, homes and suchlike. The religion was almost wiped out from pak when the partition of India took place.

Hari Singh Nalwa Attacks on Pathans on 12:00 Clock(morning evening don't know), thats why people says Sardaron ka time ho gaya hai 12 baj gaye hai.

The person standing on left side is believed to be S.Hari Singh Nalwa

In 1804, Hari Singh participated in a recruitment test for service in the Sikh army and so impressed Maharaja Ranjit Singh with his skill at various drills that he was given an appointment as a personal attendant. Not long after, in 1805, he received the commission with a command of 800 horses and foot and was given the title of 'Sardar' (Chief).
A historical text tells us that his rapid promotion from a personal attendant of the Maharaja to a command of 800 horsemen was owed to an incident in which he had cloven with sword the head of a tiger which had seized him. From that day he came to be known as "Baaghmaar" (meaning - the tiger killer), and earned the title of "Nalwa" (one with claws, like that of a tiger). Another historical text describes his incident with the tiger differently, telling us that he was already a Sardar when the word "Nalwa" was added to his name after he, "had killed a tiger single-handed on horseback, with the sacrifice, however, of his horse." 
Hari Singh went on to participate in many glorious victories of the Sikhs before becoming the Commander-in-Chief of the army along the North Western Frontier of the Sikh Kingdom. He was appointed Governor of various provinces and was one of the wealthiest jagirdars of the Kingdom.

It is said that if he had the resources equall to Alexander then he would have conquered the entire world.

He is surely one of the bravest soldier, General and Leader of India.

The bravest of the Sikh Generals, the man with the terror of whose name Afghan mothers used to quiet their fretful children .

Salute to the Great General of India.

Tuesday, December 21, 2010

ਬਾਜਾਂ ਵਾਲਿਆ....

“ਬਾਜਾਂ ਵਾਲਿਆ ਤੇਰੇ ਹੌਂਸਲੇ ਸੀ, 

ਅੱਖਾਂ ਸਾਹਮਣੇ ਸ਼ਹੀਦ ਪੁੱਤ ਕਰਵਾ ਦਿੱਤੇ ! 

ਲੋਕੀ ਲਭਦੇ ਨੇ ਲਾਲ ਪੱਥਰਾਂ ਚੋਂ, 

ਤੇ ਤੂ ਪਥਰਾਂ ਚ ਹੀ ਲਾਲ ਚਿਣਵਾ ਦਿੱਤੇ !!”

Monday, December 20, 2010

Shaheedi Chhote Sahibzadey

During the catastrophe that befell in crossing the flooded Sarsa river, the companions of the Guru Gobind Singh ji and his family were scattered in different directions. Mata Jit Kaur, Mata Sahib Kaur and their two female attendants, Bhai Mani Singh, Dhana Singh and Jawahar Singh, were all together in one group. Jawahar Singh who was an inhabitant of Delhi, took this whole group to his house in Delhi. 

Guruji’s old mother and his two younger sons, went with Gangu Brahman to his village Saheri near Morinda. Gangu worked in Guru’s kitchen for twenty-one years. Guru’s mother, Mata Gujri was carrying money in a bag. Seeing Mata’s money, Gangu got tempted forgetting that he ate Guru’s salt for twenty-one years. As Mata Gujri was half-asleep, Gangu stole the money and shouted, “Thief, thief, ” to create the impression that some thief stole the money. Mataji encountered Gangu and told him that she did not see anybody else entering the house. Upon this he tried to defend himself by saying that he was being blamed because he had given shelter to the homeless and the outlawed. Instead of admitting his guilt, he ordered them to leave his house. Gangu finally handed them over to the police officer of Morinda who in turn took them to Wazir Khan, the viceroy of Sirhind. They were imprisoned in a tower(Thanda Burj).
(Thanda Burj)
Next morning the two children, Zorawar Singh and Fateh Singh, were presented in the court of the viceroy. Wazir Khan reflected that if the children became Mohammadans, it would be a glory to his faith- Islam. He, therefore, told them that if they accepted Islam, he would grant them an estate, would marry them to the princesses and they would be happy and be honored by the Emperor. The nine years old Zorawar Singh replied, ” Our grandfather, Guru Tegh Bahadur, parted with his head but not with his religion and he ordered us to follow his example. It is best that we should give our lives to save the Sikh religion and bring down God’s vengeance on the Turks.” Continued Zorawar Singh, “O viceroy, I spurn your religion and will not part with my own. It has become the custom of our family to forfeit life rather than faith. Why do you seek to tempt us with worldly ambitions? We shall not be led astray by the false advantages of your offer.” Wazir Khan could not endure such an outspokenness and got very angry. He decided that he must put these children to death. 
Sucha Nand, a Hindu minister supported Wazir Khan by implying that their arrogant words were uncalled for. He ignited Wazir Khan’s anger by saying that when these children grew up, they would follow their father’s foot steps and would destroy enemies. Therefore, this progeny of a cobra must be smothered in time. At that time, Nawab Sher Mohammad Khan of Maler Kotla interceded, “O viceroy, these children are still drinking milk in the nursery, and are too young to commit an offence and know not good from evil. 
The holy Quran does not allow the slaughter of innocent and helpless children. Therefore be pleased to release them.” In spite of his appeal, the Qazi confirmed that the holy law would give the infidels the choice between Islam and death. It is said that in order to bring the children to submission to Islam, they were made to enter, next day, through a very small door while the Quran was displayed on the other side. The idea was that as the children would enter the door with their heads down, they would then be told that they had bowed to the holy Quran and thereby to Islam. 
When the children saw that trap, the seven years old Sahibzada Fateh Singh threw his feet first instead of his head while entering through the small door. Throwing the feet towards the Quran meant an insult to Islam. 
Wazir Khan, therefore, could not conquer the nine and seven years old children of Guru Gobind Singh. When every effort failed to convert the children to Islam, it was finally ordered that they should be bricked alive in the wall.

Bhai ZORAWAR SINGH (1696-1705), the third son of Guru Gobind Singh, was born to Mata Jito ji at Anandpur on 28 November 1696 and was barely nine years old at the time of the evacuation of Anandpur on the night of 5-6 December 1705. Since the death, on 5 December 1700, of Mata Jito ji, Mata Gujari, his grandmother had been especially attached to young Zorawar Singh and his infant brother, Fateh Singh. She took charge of both as the column moved out of Anandpur.
Bricks where Baba Zorawar Singh Ji (Aged 7 years) and Baba Fateh Singh Ji (Aged 5 years) were bricked alive to martyrdom.
Bhai FATEH SINGH (1699-1705), the youngest of Guru Gobind Singh's four sons, was born to Mata Jito ji at Anandpur on 12 December 1699. After the death of his mother, on 5 December 1700, he was brought up under the care of his grandmother, Mata Gujari Kaur ji, with whom he remained till the last. On 26 December 1705, he was martyred at Sirhind along with his elder brother, Zorawar Singh. He is probably the youngest recorded martyr in history who knowingly laid down his life at the very tender age of 5 years. Sahibzada Fateh Singh and his older brother, Sahibzada Zorawar Singh are among the most hallowed martyrs in Sikhism.
ਹਮ ਜਾਨ ਦੇ ਕੇ ਔਰੌਂ ਕੀ ਜਾਨੇਂ ਬਚਾ ਚਲੇ
ਸਿੱਖੀ ਕੀ ਨੀਵ ਹਮ ਹੈਂ ਸਰੋਂ ਪਰ ਉਠਾ ਚਲੇ

ਗੁਰਿਆਈ ਕਾ ਹੈਂ ਕਿੱਸਾ ਜਹਾਂ ਮੇ ਬਨਾ ਚਲੇ
ਸਿੰਘੋਂ ਕੀ ਸਲਤਨਤ ਕਾ ਹੈਂ ਪੌਦ: ਲਗਾ ਚਲੇ

ਗੱਦੀ ਸੇ ਤਾਜੋ-ਤਖ੍ਤ ਬਸ ਅਬ ਕੌਮ ਪਾਏਗੀ
ਦੁਨੀਆ ਸੇ ਜ਼ਾਲਿਮੋਂ ਕਾ ਨਿਸ਼ਾਂ ਤਕ ਮਿਟਾਏਗੀ

ਠੋਡੀ ਤਕ ਈਂਟੇਂ ਚੁਨ ਦੀ ਗਈਂ ਮੂੰਹ ਤਕ ਆ ਗਈਂ
ਬੀਨੀ ਕੋ ਢਾਂਪਤੇ ਹੀ ਵੁਹ ਆਖੋਂ ਪ: ਛਾ ਗਈਂ

ਹਰ ਚਾਂਦ ਸੀ ਜਬੀਨ ਕੋ ਘਨ ਸਾ ਲਗਾ ਗਈਂ
ਲਖ਼੍ਤੇ-ਜਿਗਰ ਗੁਰੂ ਕੇ ਵੁਹ ਦੋਨੋਂ ਛੁਪਾ ਗਈਂ

ਜੋਗੀ ਜੀ ਇਸ ਕੇ ਬਅ਼ਦ ਹੁਈ ਥੋੜੀ ਦੇਰ ਥੀ
ਬਸਤੀ ਸਰਹਿੰਦ ਸ਼ਹਿਰ ਕੀ ਈਂਟੋਂ ਕਾ ਢੇਰ ਥੀ

-Allah Yaar Khan

The eminent Hindi poet, Maithilli Sharan Gupt commemorates the Saka Sirhind in his poem:

Jit kul, jatti, desh ke bachche,
de sake hain balidan,
us desh ka vartman kuchh bhi ho
par bhavishya hai maha mahan....

Jogi Allah Yaar Khan Says...

Bas ek hi tirath hai hind mai yatra ke liyeee
kataye jaha bete, baap ne khuda ke liyeee

ਜਿਸ ਖ਼ਾਲਸੇ ਲਈ ਗੁਰੂ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਨੇ ਸਰਬੰਸ ਵਾਰ ਦਿੱਤਾ........ਉਸ ਖ਼ਾਲਸੇ ਨੇ " ਸੁਚੇ ਹੰਝੂਆਂ ਵਿਚ ਭਿੱਜੀ ਦਾਸਤਾਂ " (ਸਾਹਿਬਜ਼ਾਦਿਆਂ ਦੀ ਸ਼ਹੀਦੀ) ਦੇ ਆਦਰਸ਼ ਨੂੰ ਆਪਣੇ ਜੀਵਨ ਵਿਚ ਵਸਾਉਣ ਦਾ ਜਤਨ ਵੀ ਨਾ ਕੀਤਾ.....

Thursday, December 2, 2010

Bhai Mati Das Ji

Bhai Mati Das ji came from a Brahman family of village Kariala in the district of Jhelum (Pakistan). He was the eldest son of Bhai Praga. His grandfather, Mahatma Gautam Das, used to be a deeply religious man of noble, saintly character. He was loved and respected by all, Hindus and Muslims alike. Bhai Praga was a strong stalwart. He had the body and the strength of a giant. He embraced the Sikh faith during Guru Har Gobind Sahib's time. He lived the life of a true Sikh. His life was a model for others. 
He was a prominent saint-soldier of Guru Har Gobind sahib. He took a hero's part in Guru Har Gobind's battle. He had four sons: Bhai Mati Das, Sati Das, Jati Das and Sakhi Das.

Bhai Mati Das was a strongly built as his father, Bhai Praga. He was a dear, devout disciple of Guru Tegh Bahadur. He actually practiced what he believed and professed. Guru Tegh Bahadur made him his diwan. He had to look after the income and expenditure of the Guru's darbar. 

Along with the Guru, Bhai Mati Das was also arrested, chained and imprisoned. Under Emperor Aurangzeb's orders, Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib was to be beheaded. The qazis decided to torture and kill the Guru's companions before his eyes. They thought, 'The sight of their suffering and fate might shake his resolve. He might be inclined to save himself be agreeing to our proposal. He might embrace Islam.' 

So they picked out Bhai Mati Das first of all.

He was led out in chains to Chandani Chowk under a heavy guard. He was calm. His face beamed with glory. His gait was a mighty hero's swagger. He walked like a superior among inferiors. His whole bearing showed wonderful self-confidence and self-satisfaction. A large crowd had gathered already in Chandani Chowk. 

Bhai Mati Das was brought there under a heavy guard. A number of qazis accompanied him. They were apparently saying something to him. But he neither listened nor heard. His mind was wholly fixed on God. He was eager to meet him. No eyes were dry. 
All observers were filled with reverence and admiration for that tall, strong, calm, and holy man of God. They shuddered at the thought of what was about to happen to him. 

The spot fixed for his execution was reached. The guard and the qazis halted, with Bhai Mati Das in their midst. 

The chief Qazi then said to Bhai Mati Das, 'O brave young man, be wise. This is my last appeal to your common-sense. Why throw away your youthful life and all the joys it may bring ? Accept Islam, and be one of the ruling class. You will have wealth and high position. You will enjoy a life of peace, plenty and pleasure. When you die, prophet Mohammad will receive you among the faithful. You will be led into Paradise. You will live there forever among pleasure of all kinds. 

If you refuse to accept all these good things of this world and the next, you will be killed with torture. So be wise. Make a wise choice.' Bhai Mati Das replied, 'Why waste your time and breath ? I prefer dying to giving up my faith. Be quick.' 

The Qazi said, 'All right, let it be as you desire. But have you any last wish which you would like to be fulfilled before you are killed ?

Bhai Mati Das said, 'Yes. Stand me with my face toward my Guru. In that way I shall behold him to the last moments of my life here.' His wish was granted. He was made to stand with his face toward the Guru. 
He was tightly tied between two erect flat logs of wood. A saw was placed on his head. Each end of it was held by a fierce looking Pathan. The saw began to move to and fro. Blood began to flow down Bhai Mati Das's face and neck. 
He did not utter any cry of pain. His face showed no sign of suffering. He was calmly repeating Japji. His body was sawn into two. His devout, brave soul reached the bosom of the kind and loving Father of all. 

Bhai Mati Das has not died. 
He still lives in the hearts of those who worship goodness, who admire nobility. He lives in the minds of those who lead a spiritual life. He is the inspiration of those who prefer the soul to the body; who, in order to save their soul, to keep in pure and unsullied, would gladly sacrifice the body and all its pleasures. He is the motivation of those who place duty before self. 
He is the hero of all who work for noble objectives, not for rewards or recognition.

Tuesday, November 30, 2010

Dhan Bhai MANI SINGH JI Amar Shahed

Bhai Mani Singh was the Head Granthi of Sri Darbaar Sahib, Amritsar. Mata Saahib Kaur ji, the wife of Guru Gobind Singh Ji requested Bhai Mani Singh to sort out the disputes amongst the different Sikh groups, which had formed, and unite the Sikh nation as one. Bhai Mani Singh Ji planned to use Bandi Chhor Divas, Diwali, as an opportunity to unite the Khalsa together at Sri Harimandar Sahib.

Permission was sought from the Mughal authorities to allow the big gathering on Diwali. The Governor of Panjab, Zakhriya Khan accepted the plea in return of 5000 gold coins worth of tax. Bhai Mani Singh Ji accepted and sent letters out to the Sikhs across Panjab that all Sikhs will unite on Diwali day at Amritsar.

However, the Mughals were cunning and they planned to attack the Sikhs and kill all the young Sikh men when they gathered at Amritsar. With the blessings of Waheguru, an informant informed Bhai Mani Singh of the Mughal plans. Bhai Mani Singh Ji was angered at the betrayal of Zakhriya Khan. He resent letters out to the Sikhs across Panjab, telling them not to come to Amritsar on Diwali and that the gathering of the all the Khalsa has been cancelled.

Bhai Mani Singh Ji refused to pay the tax for Sikh gathering at Amritsar, which was supposed take place on Diwali day but was cancelled. On refusing to pay the 5000 gold coins worth of tax, Bhai Mani Singh Ji was arrested by the Mughal police force and brought to Lahore to the court of Zakhriya Khan. Bhai Mani Singh Ji greeted Zakhriya Khan with Guru Gobind Sing Ji's salutation, "Waheguru Jee Ka Khalsa, Waheguru Jee Ki Fateh (the Khalsa is Waheguru's, the victory is Waheguru's).
Listening, Zakhriya Khan became enraged and said, "Oh Mani Singh, open your eyes and see, you are that this moment not walking in the parkarmaa of Harimandar, where you shout these slogans! You are now in Lahore, in Zakhriya Khan's court, where the air says, "Allah is great, Allah is great", where do you get the nerve to say your Sikh slogans? Bhai Mani Singh said with might and power, "you haven't met a fox today, you have today met a lion of Guru Gobind Singh Ji!"

Zakhriya Khan contained his anger and said, "Oh old man, you are no longer young. If you convert into my religion, then I will convert the remainder of your life into happiness and pleasure. I will give you many wives, I will give you land and will give you a throne to sit on. Oh Mani Singh, What is the difference, before you read Gurbaani and now can you read the Qur'an. Before you used to say 'Waheguru', now you can say 'Allah is Great'. What is the difference in this?"

Bhai Mani Singh, who was an educated Sikh, said, "Oh Zakhriya Khan, remember, we have no anger or hatred with your religion. Our Bani says… ਫਰੀਦਾ ਬੇ ਨਿਵਾਜਾ ਕੁਤਿਆ ਏਹ ਨ ਭਲੀ ਰੀਤਿ ॥ ਕਬਹੀ ਚਲਿ ਨ ਆਇਆ ਪੰਜੇ ਵਖਤ ਮਸੀਤਿ ॥੭੦॥ Fareed: O faithless dog, this is not a good way of life. You never come to the Mosque for your five daily prayers (Ang 1381, SGGS)."

"Oh Zakhriya Khan, remember, in the religion we were born, in that religion we will breath our last breaths. You say you know the stories about the Sikhs. Do you know that Guru Nanak Ji planted the flower of Sikhi and that even a storm cannot uproot that flower. Not even a storm! It is that type of flower which is does not bend down but instead breaks," said Bhai Mani Singh Ji.

Shakespeare says: "Those who face the storm they stay, those who bend they break."

Gurbaani says: 'ਪੁਰਜਾ ਪੁਰਜਾ ਕਟਿ ਮਰੈ ਕਬਹੂ ਨ ਛਾਡੈ ਖੇਤੁ ॥ He may be cut apart, piece by piece, but he never leaves the field of battle' (Ang 1105, SGGS).

Zakhriya Khan replied to Bhai Mani Singh Ji, "Your talk is very big Mani Singh.

Remember, I will give you that type of torture; I will decree that type of fatwaa, legal decree, that you will shake and tremble.

With a smile one his face, Bhai Mani Singh Ji answered back, "The land can shake, the sky can tremble, but a Sikh of Guru Nanak Ji cannot tremble or shake. Sikhi is that religion, whose fifth Guru, Guru Arjan Dev Ji sat on a hot plate and faced tortures. It is that religion, that in order to keep it alive, children aged 5 and 7 years old gave up their lives but not their religion. Remember Zakhriya, I will die for my religion, but will not do What you say."

The next day, Zakhriya Khan called the Qazi. "Oh Qazi, from your book of Shari'a Law, I want you declare a fatwaa (legal judgement), such a fatwaa that the whole earth and sky will tremble," said Zakhriya Khan. The Qazi opened the Book of Shari'a and announced the fatwaa: "May this Kaafir (Infidel) be cut piece by piece, limb by limb."

Listening, Bhai Mani Singh started to stump his foot into the ground in frustration. Zakhriya was standing by and said, "Oh Mani Singh, you got scared? You seemed be getting frustrated. We have only made you listen to the fatwaa, we have yet to cut you limb by limb."

Staring into Zakhriya Khan's eyes, Bhai Mani Singh said, "Oh Zakhriya Khan I am not scared. I am frustrated with my Guru, Guru Gobind Singh Ji." He replied, "Obviously you were going to get frustrated with your Guru! What have you got out of your Guru's Sikhi? Having a fatwaa of being cut limb by limb. You still have time to convert to Islam."

Bhai Mani Singh answered back, "This is not the case. I am frustrated with my Guru because when I left Amritsar, I did an Ardaas. "Oh King and Master, may each hair on my body be accepted for GurSikhi." But instead why have my limbs only been accepted and not each hair on my body. What shortage (kammee) was there in my Ardaas?"

"You seem to talk lots, but remember yet you have not seen the face of the executioner. When you see him you will get frightened," said Zakhriya Khan. The executioner arrived. In his hand is a blade. "Oh executioner, sharpen up your blade and I will sharpen up my mind," said Bhai Mani Singh to the executioner. The executioner replied, "I will sharpen my blade with sand. What will you sharpen your mind with?" Bhai Mani Singh answered him, "Oh executioner, with the sand you are going to sharpen your blade, that sand can break because man made it. But Akaal Purakh makes the sand I am going to use. That sand is, Naam, that sand is Gurbaani. I will sharpen my mind with Naam and Gurbaani."

Now the executioner sharpens his blade with sand and Bhai Mani Singh Ji sharpened his mind with Naam. He recited Japji sahib and finishing reciting Gurbaani he roared a loud jaikaara, "Boley so nihaal! Sat sri Akaal!" With a glowing face with the power of Naam and Gurbaani, Bhai Mani Singh Ji shouted to the executioner, "Come on executioner, now me and you will talk." A wooden block was brought forward. Bhai Mani Singh came forward saying "Satnaam Waheguru" he put forward his right hand on the wooden block.

The executioner makes his mark on Bhai Mani Singh's fingers. Bhai Mani Singh Ji pulls away his hand. "Mani Singh, you got scared! Before you were talking so much, yet this is the first cut. You couldn't even handle the first cut, yet we are going to cut you limb by limb, your whole body," said Zakhriya Khan.

Bhai Mani Singh Ji replied back, "Oh executioner, what were your orders? You were ordered to cut me piece by piece. You have left all my fingers. Zakhriya Khan, ensure your servant doesn't disrespect your orders and I will not disrespect my Father, Guru Gobind Singh Ji Paatshaah's orders.

Piece by piece, Bhai Mani Singh Ji's body was cut to bits. Bhai Mani Singh Ji only recited Gurbaani, and it was what he had lived and breathed… "ਪੁਰਜਾ ਪੁਰਜਾ ਕਟਿ ਮਰੈ ਕਬਹੂ ਨ ਛਾਡੈ ਖੇਤੁ

Thursday, October 7, 2010

The Insignia of the Khalsa: Khanda.

Add caption

 The Khanda (Punjabiਖੰਡਾkhaṇḍā) is one of most important symbols of Sikhism. This is emphasized by the fact that many Sikh flags, including the Nishan Sahib have the Khanda on them. It is a collection of four weapons commonly used by Sikhs at the time of Guru Gobind Singh.

In the centre of the insignia is the two-edged sword which symbolises the Creative Power of God which controls the destiny of the whole universe. It is the Sovereign Power over life and death. One edge of the Sword symbolises divine justice, which chastises and punishes the wicked oppressors; the other edge symbolises Freedom, and Authority governed by moral and spiritual values.

On the outside of the two-edged sword, we can see two swords:
  • On the left is the Sword of Spiritual Sovereignty (Piri);
  • On the right is the Sword of Political Sovereignty (Miri)

There must always be a balance between the two, and this balance is emphasised by a circle inside. This circle is what is called a Chakra or Chakkar. The Chakra is a symbol of all embracing Divine Manifestation, including everything and wanting nothing, without beginning or end, neither first nor last, timeless, Absolute. It is the symbol of oneness, of Unicity of Justice, Humanity and the Immortality. Almost all Sikh warriors used to wear it in the eighteenth century, and Nihangs of today still do.

The Chakra / Chakkar which was worn by the great martyr Baba Deep Singh is still preserved in the sanctum sanctorium of theAkal Takht. On it is inscribed the Mool Mantar and that is what it symbolises.

Tuesday, October 5, 2010

Sri Harmandir Sahib..

Sri Guru Arjan Sahib got Sri Harmandir Sahib built in the midst
of the sarovar (tank) at the lowest level. Unlike other temples
where the devotees have to climb up to offer their obeisance, 
here the devotees have to step down to offer their homage.

 This unique temple of God has been built at the lowest level
 because it represents the humility of Guru Nanak.
 Humility Incarnate Guru Arjan selected the lowest level
 because this was to be the eternal seat of the Prophet of Humility,
 Sri Guru Nanak Sahib (manifest Sri Guru Granth Sahib).

Garibi Gada Hamari, 
Khana Sagal Rein Chhari..
Is Aage Ko Na Tikai Vekari!!
 Sri Guru Granth Sahib (628)

“Humility is my mace; becoming the dust of everybody’s feet is my sword. 
No evil doer can dare withstand these weapons”.
For a sikh, the Guru is the soul of his own soul.

Dasan Das Rein Dasan Ki, Jan Ki Tehal Kamawon,
Sarab Sookh Badyai Nanak Jiwon Mukhon Blawo

                                                         Sri Guru Granth Sahib (529)

“I have become dust of the feet of the slaves of His slaves and I serve His servants. 
Thus, I have achieved true joy and honour, I live by uttering His Holy Name”  

In this Great Temple, the four doors in all the four directions were thrown 
open to all the religions, to rich and poor, to high and low, and to the 
out-castes. All were welcome in this House of God. The poor, the low, 
the meak, the oppressed and the humble felt the presence of God face to face.
All religions have produced true lovers of God. A muslim mystic,
a true lover of God, Hazrat Mian Mir, who had become a legend in his
very life-time, was invited to lay the foundation stone of this
Universal Temple of God, further signifying that this Temple of God 
belonged to all. On Dharma, religion, Sri Guru Arjan Sahib clarifies :

Sarb Dharam Mehn Sreisht Dharam..
Har Ko Nam Jap Nirmal Karam
                                            Sri Guru Granth Sahib (266)

The best of all Religions is the yearning for the Divine and purity of deeds.